Antenna Systems

Course Description

Antenna parameters. Theorems in electromagnetism. Elementary radiation sources: infinitesimal electric dipole, infinitesimal magnetic dipole, elementary surface. Antenna types: wire antennas, unipoles, dipoles, helical antennas, horn antennas, reflector antennas, microstrip antennas, broadband and multi-band antennas. Antenna arrays: linear and planar arrays, antenna mutual impedance, antenna array synthesis. Adaptive antenna arrays, electronic beam scanning arrays. Small antennas, antennas for mobile terminals, on-body antennas. Active integrated antennas: radiation pattern and polarization switching, smart antennas, antennas for MIMO.

Learning Outcomes

  1. summarize analysis of electromagnetic problems in radio frequency band
  2. summarize antenna parameters
  3. summarize the concept of near and far field of antennas and antenna arrays
  4. describe basic types of antennas, their method of functioning and application
  5. design basic types of antenna arrays
  6. apply the concept of radiation pattern in antenna application and design
  7. design basic types of antenns
  8. summarize propagation of EM waves in free space, near ground and in presence of obstacles

Forms of Teaching





Independent assignments




Grading Method

Continuous Assessment Exam
Type Threshold Percent of Grade Threshold Percent of Grade
Laboratory Exercises 50 % 0 % 0 % 0 %
Mid Term Exam: Written 0 % 25 % 0 %
Final Exam: Written 50 % 25 %
Final Exam: Oral 50 %
Exam: Written 50 % 50 %
Exam: Oral 50 %


Week by Week Schedule

  1. Elementary radiation sources. Antenna input impedance. Antenna efficiency. Radiation pattern, directivity, gain. Effective aperture. Polarization. Antenna noise temperature.
  2. Unipoles. Dipoles. Wire antennas. Helical antennas.
  3. Horn antennas. Aperture anetnnas. Reflector anetnnas. Lens antennas.
  4. Linear antenna array.
  5. Planar antenna array.
  6. Antenna array synthesis.
  7. Antenna mutual impedance. Antenna arrays with unequal element distribution. Reflectarrays.
  8. Midterm exam
  9. Microstrip and planar antennas. Antennas for RFID and NFC. Printed antennas. Textile antennas.
  10. Human body as propagation medium, in-body propagation, on-body propagation, off-body propagation. In- and on-body antennas. Examples of body area networks.
  11. Small antennas. Antenna miniaturization. Chu sphere. Antenna integration in mobile terminals.
  12. Wideband antennas. Multi-band and ultra wideband antennas.
  13. Adaptive and electronically controlled antenna arrays. Radiation pattern switching. Electronic beam scanning.
  14. Smart antennas. Direction of arrival estimation. Massive MIMO antennas.
  15. Final exam

Study Programmes

University graduate
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Ervin Zentner (2002.), Antene i radiosustavi, Graphis
Juraj Bartolić (2021.), Mikrovalna elektronika, Graphis
W. L. Stutzmann and G. A. Thiele (2013.), Antenna Theory and Design, Wiley
C. A. Balanis (2016.), Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design, Wiley

For students


ID 222463
  Summer semester
L3 English Level
L1 e-Learning
45 Lectures
13 Laboratory exercises

Grading System

88 Excellent
76 Very Good
66 Good
55 Acceptable