### Physics 1

#### Course Description

#### General Competencies

Students completing this course will: - understand, appreciate and utilize the modern scientific methodologies associated with fundamental physical laws. - understand the importance of applications of the physical priniples in the techonological advances in various fields of science and engineering. - understand the fundamental principles of physics which will prepare them to continue education in modern science and technology at Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing or another university, as well as forming a foundation for life-long learning.

#### Learning Outcomes

- Analyze simple mechanical systems and solve equations of motion.
- Apply principles of conservation of energy and momentum to particle collisions.
- Apply the derivative to find minima or maxima of physical quantities in excercises in mechanics.
- Apply integrals in finding the centre of mass and moments of inertia of symmetric bodies.
- Explain the conditions of statics of rigid bodies and the equation of motion for rotation of the rigid body around fixed axis.
- Explain the principles of the Special theory of relativity.
- Apply the equation of continuity and Bernoulli's equation in simple problems in fluid mechanics.
- Explain the first law of thermodynamics and analyze thermodynamic cycles.

#### Forms of Teaching

**Lectures**Lectures are delivered to groups of approximately 120 students using electronic presentations, detailed derivations on the blackboard and demonstration experiments.

**Exams**Written mid-term exam and the final exam consist of four excercises and a number of multiple choice questions.

**Laboratory Work**Students perform six laboratory experiments, carry out the analisys of the measured data and write the final report for each experiment.

**Experiments**Lectures are supported by demonstration experiments that illustrate the concepts of physics. Approximately 30 mins / week.

**Consultations**At least once a week each professor is available to the students for consultations.

**E-learning**During the semester homework assignments are delivered to the students through the e-learning system Merlin (Moodle).

**Other Forms of Group and Self Study**In approximately 4 terms per semester additional exercise-solving skills are demonstrated by assistants.

#### Grading Method

Continuous Assessment | Exam | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Type | Threshold | Percent of Grade | Threshold | Percent of Grade | ||

Laboratory Exercises | 5 % | 10 % | 5 % | 10 % | ||

Homeworks | 0 % | 10 % | 0 % | 10 % | ||

Mid Term Exam: Written | 0 % | 40 % | 0 % | |||

Final Exam: Written | 0 % | 40 % | ||||

Exam: Written | 0 % | 80 % |

##### Comment:

In the mid-term exam and in the final exam one (of four) excercises must be correctly completed. In the written exam two (of six) excercises must be correctly completed.

#### Week by Week Schedule

- Material point in mechanics. Physical methods,units and measurement, SI system of units, Kinematic of material point. Coordinate systems. Velocity and acceleration. I. i II. Newtons law. Lecture demonstrations experiments, computer simulations, infomation on physics experiments by means of web.
- Motion of material point. Force in mechanics. Equations of motions. Free fall. Phenomenological experiments. Meauserment of free fall. Vertcal shot.Force of friction.Resisting force linery depending on velocity. Lecture demonstrations experiments, computer simulations, infomation on physics experiments by means of web.
- Curvilinear motion. Uniform circular motion. Projectile motion. Ballistic curves. Horizontal projectile motion. Uniform circular motion: angular and tangential velocity.
- Non-uniform circular motion. III. Newton axiom. Work,energy,power. Tangential and angular acceleration. Centripetal force. Axial vectors. Impulse and momentum. Kinetic and potential energy. Conservative forces. Potential energy and conservative forces. Nonconservative forces.
- Conservation of momentum and energy. Elastic and non-elastic collisions.
- Mechanics of rigid body. Static. Static of particles. Rigid body properties. Rigid body motions. Equilibrium of rigid bodies. Torque. Center of mass. Center of gravity. Systems of particles.
- Rotation of rigid body. Rotation of rigid body about a fixed axes. Moment of inertia. Steiner theorem. Angular momentum. Conservation of angular momentum. Work and power for rotation of rigid body. Precession and nutation of top. Princip of virtual work.
- E X A M
- Gravitation. Inertial frames. Keplers laws. Newton law of gravitation. Gravitation field,potential and potential energy. Inertial and gravitational mass. Noninertial frames. Inertial forces. Centrifugal force. Coriolis force.
- Special theory of relativity. Michelson-Morleyev experiment. Postulates of special theory of relativity. Lorentz transformation. Length contraction. Dilatation of time. Addition of velocities. Relativistic dynamic. Relativistic energy.
- Fluid mechanics:static. Pressure. Hydrostatic pressure. Pascal principle. Torricellis experiment. Atmospheric pressure. Buoyant force. Archimedes principle. Surface tension. Capillarity.
- Fluid dynamics. Ideal fluids. Equation of continuity. Bernoullis equation. Viscosity. Poiseuille law. Magnus effect. Real fluids.
- Heat. Temperature. Thermometers. Termic expansion of solids and fluids. Gas laws. Equation of state for ideal gas. Calorimetry. Heat capacity. Phase diagrams. Agregate states. Heat conduction. Kinetic theory of gases. Real gases. Brown motion. Ideal gas law. Internal energy. Termodinamical temperature. Specific heats of gases. Specific heats of solids. Maxwell velocity distribution. Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution.
- Thermodynamics. The first law of thermodynamics. Function of states and processes. Mayer relation. Equation of adiabate. Ideal gas work. The second law of thermodynamics. The Carnot cycle. Heat engines. Entropy. The third law of thermodynamics.
- E X A M

#### Study Programmes

##### University undergraduate

#### Prerequisites for

#### Literature

*Fizika 1- Mehanika i toplina*, Hinus

*Uvod u znanost o toplini i termodinamici, 2. dop. izd.*, Element

*Riješeni zadaci iz mehanike i topline*, Školska knjiga, Zagreb

*Fundamentals of Physics, 6th ed*, J. Wiley, New York

*Mehanika i toplina*, Školska knjiga, Zagreb

#### Laboratory exercises

#### For students

#### General

**ID**21006

**6**ECTS

**L1**English Level

**L2**e-Learning

**75**Lectures

**0**Exercises

**15**Laboratory exercises

**0**Project laboratory

#### Grading System

**85**Excellent

**75**Very Good

**60**Good

**50**Acceptable