Establishment and Activities of the Department

Read the Croatian version

The Department of Energy and Power Systems was founded in 1934 as part of the then Technical Faculty and under the name Department of High Voltage.  Prof. Juro Horvat, founder of the department, came to the Faculty in the summer semester of the 1932/33  academic year. He taught the subjects: Generation of Electricity, Transmission of Electricity, Distribution of Electricity and Transients in Electrical Devices. As head of the Group for Production, Transmission and Distribution of Electricity, he founded the Department of High Voltage in order to provide laboratory work as part of instruction for students, as well as scientific and professional work in these areas. He began by collecting devices, instruments and individual parts for the collection and for the future laboratory, in addition to books and magazines for the Department’s future library. However, during World War II, which soon followed, the activities of the Department stagnated. Prof. Horvat went abroad and retired in 1943.

Department staff in 2001

The activities of the Department continued after the war ended, initially with the help of part-time professors Mladen Dokmanić,, who later became a full professor, from the summer semester 1945/46, and Fedor Jelušić,, from the winter semester 1946/47 until the end of the winter semester 1947/48. In the 1948/49 academic year, Vladimir Žepić,, became a permanent professor with the title of associate professor, who then took on the role of Head of the Department. Subsequently, new professors joined the Department and contributed to its development as well as the development of the Faculty over the course of many years, thus sealing its reputation on a wider scale. In the summer semester of the 1949/50 academic year, Božidar Stefanini became an assistant professor and shortly afterwards, in 1951, Hrvoje Požar was hired as a part-time assistant professor.  Deemed to be politically unfit by the administration, at the end of the winter semester 1951/52, prof. Žepić was forced to leave the Faculty. At the start of the 1952-53 academic year, Božidar Stefanini became Head of the Department.

From the beginning of the 1950s, the Department began to rapidly develop, which, among other things, was made possible by improved facilities. The Department was initially located in one, and later two rooms at Roosevelt Square no. 6. In 1947, it was relocated to the first floor of the building in Vukotinovićeva Street no. 2, where it then had enough space secured for its development and staff, lectures and exercises, and even for the installation of laboratories. The most significant was the Laboratory for High Voltage Engineering, founded in 1954, whose basic equipment was obtained from the power industry, while Boris Markovčić,, greatly contributed to its installation. In 1953, the Department received a photo laboratory for the production of slides used for projections in lectures. The department continued to grow in terms of staff, lecturers and support staff, especially when two study programs were introduced within the High Power study program: Electrical Industry and Power Utility. The Electrical Industry study program was carried out under the Department of High Voltage with the following core courses: High Voltage Engineering; Electrical Plants (two-semester course); Electricity Transmission; and Networks and Installations, and with elective courses that covered the area of ​​economic load distribution, voltage regulation and frequency in power systems, electricity transmission stability, electric lighting and electricity economy. In addition to lectures within the Department, special emphasis was given to laboratory exercises. A practicum for High Voltage Technique was introduced, which students completed through 6 experimental exercises. Special emphasis was also given to professional work, which was carried out with increased cooperation with the economy. At that time, scientific work was revived, not only amongst individual members of the Department, but also by the Department as a whole and with the use of an increasingly well-equipped laboratory and library.

Department staff in 1996


The conditions for lecturing and the professional and scientific work of the Department continued to improve, especially in 1963 with relocation to the sixth floor of the newly built building (C) of the Faculty of Electrical Engineering in Unska Street no. 3. The High Voltage Laboratory was moved to Building B, while later in the 1960s the Laboratory for student exercises in Electricity Transmission was installed and the Laboratory for Electrical Installations was built in Building B. The available space also allowed for a well-stocked and modern library, which had about 2,000 books at its disposal in the late 1960s, and received about 40 various journals per year. It is important to note that the use of digital electronic computers for solving problems in the power industry began in the early 1960s, thus the installation of the IBM 1130 computer within the Faculty’s Computing Center was immediately reflected on the widespread use of computers in lecture and the professional and scientific activities of the Department. Professors Stefanini and Požar earned special merits for all of this, and thanks to them, lectures were constantly modernized to keep up with the world’s trends. Meanwhile, they also supported development of younger staff, which was evidenced by Mario Padelin, Milan Šodan and Željko Zlatar joining the teaching staff in the later 1960s. In the seventies, there was a change of professors in the core subjects of the Department, welcoming a new generation of lecturers to teach compulsory courses. In addition to the previously mentioned lecturers, these were Vjekoslav Filipović, Srđan Babić, Mirjana Urbiha-Feuerbach and Vjekoslav Srb (part-time professor).

In 1977, the study program Nuclear Energy was introduced in order to educate electrical engineers in nuclear issues, which was needed due to the construction of the Krško Nuclear Power Plant. Danilo Feretić is especially responsible for the development of this program. In 1978, the Department changed its name to the Department of Energy and Power Systems. An incentive for improving the Department was the purchase of a computer in 1980. During the 1980s, the Department further developed by increasing its staff of young lecturers for teaching newer courses: Zdravko Hebel, Vladimir Tuk, Vladimir Mikuličić, Sejid Tešnjak, Slavko Krajcar, Nikola Čavlina, lvo Uglešić and Nenad Debrecin. The development of the Department is especially reflected by an increasingly extensive scope of professional and scientific work, cooperation with the economy and international professional and scientific cooperation, as well as international exchange and visits by experts, most notably in regard to expanding activities in the area of nuclear energy.  All this resulted in significantly increasing the Department’s staff, most of whom obtained their academic ranks while working for the Department.

New laboratories were established, whose installation and much better working conditions led to another relocation of the Department in 1989 to the second floor of the newly built building D which had many more rooms. These were: Laboratory for analysis of thermodynamic phenomena in a nuclear power plant; Laboratory for Nuclear Power Plants; Laboratory for Hybrid Power System Simulation; Laboratory for Relay Protection; Laboratory for Automation in Electrical Plants; and a Laboratory for Analysis and Simulation by a Computer. Opportunities for professional and scientific work in the Department were significantly improved in 1990 when the Department was equipped with personal computers and accompanying accessories as well as other equipment, in addition to the purchase of a number of modern software packages for power analysis. Since then, each member of the Department has had a computer, and as a result, this led to more and more cooperation with the economy, enabled procurement of additional new and more modern computers, thus contributing to the Department’s continuous improvement. Today, the Department has more than 5,000 books and receives over 50 journals.

Extensive and intensive teaching has given fruitful results. Within the Department, since the 1956/57 academic year, a total of 1,454 students graduated with a bachelor’s degree, a total of 163 students achieved a master's degree, and 43 students obtained a doctor of science degree in electrical engineering. Before the 1956/57 academic year, 305 students graduated with a bachelor’s degree and 2 students received doctorate degrees.


Osnivanje i djelokrug rada Zavoda


Zavod za visoki napon i energetiku osnovan je 1934. godine u sastavu tadašnjeg Tehničkog fakultela pod nazivom Zavod za visoki napon. Osnivač Zavoda je prof. Juro Horvat koji je došao na Fakultet u ljetnom semestru ak.god. 1932./33. Predavao je predmete Proizvodnja električne energije, Prijenos električne energije, Razdioba električne energije i Prelazne pojave u električnim napravama. Kao predstojnik katedre za proizvodnju, prijenos i razdiobu električne energije, on osniva Zavod, kako bi omogućio laboratorijski rad u nastavi za studente, a isto tako znanstveni i stručni rad iz navedenih područja. Počinje prikupljanjem aparata, instrumenata i pojedinih dijelova za zbirku i budući laboratorij te knjiga i časopisa za buduću knjižnicu Zavoda. No u tijeku II. svjetskog rata, koji je uskoro uslijedio, djelatnost Zavoda stagnira. Prof. Horvat odlazi u inozemstvo i umirovljen je 1943. godine.

Djelatnici zavoda 2001. godine


Djelatnost Zavoda budi se nakon završetka rata, najprije uz pomoć honorarnih nastavnika Mladena Dokmanića,, od ljetnog semestra 1945./46., koji je poslije postao stalnim nastavnikom i Fedora Jelušića,, od zimskog semestra ak.god. 1946./47. do kraja zimskog semestra ak.god. 1947./48. U ak.god. 1948./49. za stalnog nastavnika u zvanju izvanrednog profesora dolazi Vladimir Žepić,, koji tada postaje i predstojnikom Zavoda. Uskoro potom dolaze u Zavod novi nastavnici, koji će za dulje razdoblje biti nositelji razvoja Zavoda i Fakulteta i koji će dati pečat ugledu Zavoda u širim razmjerima. U ljetnom semestru ak.god. 1949./50. dolazi za docenta Božidar Stefanini, a nedugo potom, godine 1951. izabran je za asistenta i honorarnog nastavnika Hrvoje Požar. Prisilom tadašnje vlasti potkraj zimskog semestra 1951./52. prof. Žepić odlazi s Fakulteta kao politički nepodoban. Predstojnikom Zavoda postaje na početku ak.god. 1952./53. Božidar Stefanini.

Od početka pedesetih godina počinje intenzivan razvoj Zavoda, što su među ostalim, omogućili bolji prostorni uvjeti. Zavod je u prvo vrijeme bio smješten u jednu, a poslije u dvije prostorije na Rooseveltovu trgu br. 6. Godine 1947. preseljen je u prvi kat zgrade u Vukotinovićevoj ulici br. 2, gdje dobiva dovoljno prostora za tadašnje potrebe razvoja i to za smještaj osoblja, za predavanja i vježbe, pa i za instalaciju laboratorija. Najznačajniji je Laboratorij za tehniku visokog napona osnovan 1954. godine za koji je osnovna oprema dobivena od elektroprivrede, a za čije postavljanje ima velike zasluge Boris Markovčić, U Zavodu je 1953. instaliran i fotolaboratorij za izradu dijapozitiva, koji se koriste za projekcije na predavanjima. Zavod se popunjava osobljem, nastavnim i pomoćnim, a posebno kada su u sklopu studija Jaka struja osnovana dva smjera: Elektroindustrijski i Elektroprivredni. Zavod za visoki napon postaje nositelj nastave u Elektroprivrednom smjeru s temeljnim predmetima Tehnika visokog napona, Električna postrojenja (dvosemestralan predmet), Prijenos električne energije i Mreže i instalacije te s izbornim predmetima koji su šire pokrivali područje ekonomske raspodjele opterećenja, regulacije napona i frekvencije u elektroenergetskom sustavu, stabilnosti prijenosa električne energije, električnu rasvjetu i gospodarstvo električnom energijom. Uz nastavu u Zavodu se osobita pažnja posvećuje vježbama u laboratoriju. Uvodi se praktikum iz Tehnike visokog napona koji studenti obavljaju u 6 eksperimentalnih vježbi. Posebna pozornost posvećuje se i stručnom radu, što se provodi uz sve opsežniju suradnju s gospodarstvom. U to doba oživljava znanstveni rad, i to ne samo pojedinih članova Zavoda, nego i Zavoda kao cjeline uz korištenje sve bogatije laboratorijske opreme i knjižnice.

Djelatnici zavoda 1996. godine


Uvjeti za nastavu i za stručni i znanstveni rad Zavoda dalje se poboljšavaju, naročito preseljenjem 1963. godine na šesti kat novoizgradene zgrade C Elektrotehničkog fakulteta u Unskoj ulici br. 3. Ovdje je u zgradu B preseljen Laboratorij za visoki napon, a tijekom šezdesetih godina instaliran je Laboratorij za studentske vježbe iz Prijenosa električne energije i izgraden, u B zgradi, Laboratorij za električna postrojenja. Raspoloživi prostor omogućio je i uređenje dobro i suvremeno opskrbljene knjižnice koja je potkraj šezdesetih godina raspolagala s oko 2000 knjiga, a godišnje primala oko 40 različitih časopisa. Značajno je naglasiti da već na početku šezdesetih godina počinje u Zavodu korištenje digitalnih elektroničkih računala za rješavanje problema u elektroenergetici, pa se instaliranjem računala IBM 1130 u fakultetskom Računskom centru to odmah odrazilo na širokoj primjeni računala u nastavi te stručnoj i znanstvenoj djelatnosti Zavoda. Za sve to naročite zasluge imaju profesori Stefanini i Požar, čijom se zaslugom i nastava stalno osuvremenjuje prateći svjetska dostignuća. lsto tako podupiru razvoj mladih suradnika, pa već u drugoj polovici šesdesetih godina u nastavi sudjeluju Mario Padelin, Milan Šodan i Željko Zlatar. U sedamdesetim godinama izvršena je na temeljnim predmetima Zavoda smjena nastavnika, pa od tada obavezne predmete predaje nova generacija nastavnika. Uz prethodno spomenute nastavnike, to su Vjekoslav Filipović, Srđan Babić, Mirjana Urbiha-Feuerbach i Vjekoslav Srb (honorarni nastavnik).


Godine 1977. uveden je smjer Nuklearna energetika radi obrazovanja elektrotehničkih inženjera iz nuklearne problematike, za čim se ukazala potreba zbog gradnje NE Krško. Za razvoj smjera osobito je zaslužan Danilo Feretić. Godine 1978. Zavod mijenja naziv u Zavod za visoki napon i energetiku. Poticaj za unapređenje rada u Zavodu bila je i nabava elektroničkog računala 1980. godine. Tijekom osamdesetih godina Zavod se razvija povećanjem broja mladih nastavnika koji su preuzeli novije kolegije: Zdravko Hebel, Vladimir Tuk, Vladimir Mikuličić, Sejid Tešnjak, Slavko Krajcar, Nikola Čavlina, lvo Uglešić i Nenad Debrecin. Razvoj se naročito ogleda u sve opsežnijem stručnom i znanstvenom radu, suradnji s gospodarstvom i u međunarodnoj stručnoj i znanstvenoj suradnji, kao i u međunarodnoj razmjeni i posjetima eksperata i stručnjaka, naročito s obzirom na proširenje djelatnosti na područje nuklearne energetike. Sve je to uvjetovalo i znatno povećanje broja zavodskih suradnika, od kojih su većina radom u Zavodu postigli i znanstvena zvanja. Osnivaju se novi laboratoriji čije je instaliranje i znatno bolje uvjete za rad omogućilo ponovno preseljenje Zavoda 1989. godine na drugi kat novoizgradene zgrade D sa znatno većim brojem prostorija. To su: Laboratorij za analizu termodinamičkih pojava u nuklearnoj elektrani. Laboratorij za nuklearna energetska postrojenja, Laboratorij za hibridnu simulaciju elektroenergetskog sustava, Laboralorij za relejnu zaštilu, Laboratorij za automatizaciju u električnim postrojenjima i Laboratorij za analizu i simulaciju pomoću računala. Mogućnosti stručnog i znanstvenog rada u Zavodu su u znatnoj mjeri poboljšani 1990. godine kad je Zavod opremljen osobnim računalima i pratećom računarskom i drugom opremom, kao i nabavom većeg broja suvremenih programskih paketa za elektroenergetske analize. Od tada svaki član Zavoda raspolaže s računalom, a zahvaljujući tome kasnija, sve razgranatija suradnja s gospodarstvom, omogućuje daljnju nabavu novih, sve suvremenijih računala, što pridonosi daljnjem unapređenju rada u Zavodu. Zavod danas raspolaže s više od 5000 knjiga i prima preko 50 naslova časopisa.


Opsežan i intenzivan nastavni rad dao je i plodne rezultate. U sklopu Zavoda diplomirala su od ak.god. 1956./57. ukupno 1454 studenta, stupanj magistra postigla su ukupno 163 kandidata, a stupanj doktora znanosti iz elektrotehnike stekla su 43 kandidata. Do ak.god. 1956./57. diplomiralo je 305 sludenata, a 2 kandidata su doktorirala.