Technology of Electrical Materials

Data is displayed for academic year: 2023./2024.

Course Description

The content of this course are basic engineering knowledges of materials that are embedded in electrical, electronic and communication products and in computer devices. The basic structures and internal connections of conductive, insulating and magnetic materials are described within the course. The emphasis is on the basic physical, electrical, magnetic, technological, thermal and chemical properties of the material. The causes of the ultimate current, voltage and mechanical load of the material are explained. Typical representatives of materials for manufacturing conductive, insulating and magnetic parts of electrical products are introduced. The content of the subject are also the basic characteristics of semiconductors, composites and nano-materials. The mechanisms of the effect of techno-climatic conditions on the durability and reliability of electrical products are explained. They learn basic procedures for selecting and testing materials, and disposing of discarded products and protecting the environment.

Study Programmes

University graduate
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Elective Courses (1. semester) (3. semester)
[FER3-HR] Communication and Space Technologies - profile
Elective Courses (1. semester) (3. semester)
[FER3-HR] Computational Modelling in Engineering - profile
Elective Courses (1. semester) (3. semester)
[FER3-HR] Computer Engineering - profile
Elective Courses (1. semester) (3. semester)
[FER3-HR] Computer Science - profile
Elective Courses (1. semester) (3. semester)
[FER3-HR] Control Systems and Robotics - profile
Elective Courses (1. semester) (3. semester)
[FER3-HR] Data Science - profile
Elective Courses (1. semester) (3. semester)
[FER3-HR] Electrical Power Engineering - profile
Elective Courses (1. semester) (3. semester)
[FER3-HR] Electric Machines, Drives and Automation - profile
Elective Courses (3. semester)
Elective Courses of the Profile (3. semester)
[FER3-HR] Electronic and Computer Engineering - profile
Elective Courses (1. semester) (3. semester)
[FER3-HR] Electronics - profile
Elective Courses (1. semester) (3. semester)
[FER3-HR] Information and Communication Engineering - profile
Elective Courses (1. semester) (3. semester)
[FER3-HR] Network Science - profile
Elective Courses (1. semester) (3. semester)
[FER3-HR] Software Engineering and Information Systems - profile
Elective Courses (1. semester) (3. semester)
[FER2-HR] Electrical Engineering Systems and Technologies - profile
Recommended elective courses (3. semester)

Learning Outcomes

  1. Identify the basic types of materials used in electrical engineering products.
  2. Knowing the basic mechanical, electrical and magnetic properties of electrical materials.
  3. Describe the basic methods of testing mechanical, electrical and magnetic properties of electrical materials.
  4. Understand the basic structure and connections within the material used in electrical engineering products.
  5. Knowing the basic use of conductive, semiconductor, dielectric and magnetic materials
  6. Estimate the voltage and current carrying capacity and efficiency of electrical engineering products, depending on the material used.
  7. Calculate the basic parameters of conductive, dielectric and magnetic materials necessary for the realization of electrical engineering products.
  8. Classify materials of electrical engineering products from the point of action on the environment, waste and recycling.

Forms of Teaching


Lectures are interactive with the application of modern teaching methods and tools


Laboratory exercises on simple physical models demonstrate the basic mechanical, electrical, insulating and magnetic properties of materials

Grading Method

Continuous Assessment Exam
Type Threshold Percent of Grade Threshold Percent of Grade
Laboratory Exercises 50 % 30 % 50 % 30 %
Mid Term Exam: Written 50 % 25 % 0 %
Final Exam: Written 50 % 25 %
Final Exam: Oral 20 %
Exam: Written 50 % 40 %
Exam: Oral 30 %

Week by Week Schedule

  1. Systematization of electrical materials, Electrical properties of materials, Thermal properties of materials, Chemical properties
  2. Standard model of atom, Ionic bonding, Covalent bonding, Metallic bonding, Van der Waals bonding, The crystal structures
  3. Basic properties of conductive and special conductive materials, Electrical resistivity and temperature coefficient in conductive materials and metal alloys, Conductive layers and coatings on non-conductive substrates, Optical fiber cables
  4. Materials for electrical contacts and brushes, Materials for electrical resistors, Materials for thermocouples, Materials for electrical fuses
  5. Systematization of magnetic materials, Magnetization curve and temperature dependence, Magnetization losses, Soft magnetic materials, Ferrosilicon and feronical alloys
  6. Hard magnetic materials, Permanent magnets, Carbon steels as magnetic material, Alnico alloys, compounds and alloys of rare earth materials
  7. Production processes and methods of obtaining electrical materials, Systematization of organic dielectric materials, Polarization, Dielectric constant and dielectric losses, Partial discharge
  8. Midterm exam
  9. Systematization of inorganic dielectric materials, Dielectric strength and breakdown voltage, Electrical stress caused by external influences, Thermal expansion and thermal aging of dielectric materials, Mechanical stress of dielectric materials
  10. Basic concepts of solid state physics and semiconductor materials, PN junction, Semiconductor diode theory, External influences on the performance of the diode
  11. Hall effect, Photoelectric effect, Piezoelectric effect, Peltierov effect, Solar cells
  12. Superconductivity, Basic of BCS theory, Theory and applications of high temperature superconductivity
  13. Introduction to nanoscience and nanotechnology, Basic nanostructures, Carbon – based nanostructures and their application in electrical engineering, Applications of biomaterials and high-tech materials
  14. Corrosion prevention, Cathodic protection, Disposal of waste products and environmental protection, Recycling of electric materials
  15. Final exam


W. D. Callister (2019.), Fundamentals of Materials Science and Engineering, John Wiley & Sons
S. O. Kasap (2000.), Principles of Electrical Engineering Materials nad Devices, McGraw-Hill
T. Filetin, F. Kovačiček, J. Indof (2002.), Svojstva i primjena materijala,, Sveučilište u Zagrebu Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje
G. Gottstein (2004.), Physical Foundations of Materials Science, Springer
R. E. Hummel (2004.), Understanding Materials Science, Springer

For students


ID 223087
  Winter semester
L1 English Level
L1 e-Learning
30 Lectures
0 Seminar
0 Exercises
13 Laboratory exercises
0 Project laboratory

Grading System

87 Excellent
75 Very Good
62 Good
50 Sufficient