Technology Basics of Renewable Energy Exploitation

Data is displayed for academic year: 2023./2024.

Course Description

Basics of solar radiation and exploitation of Sun energy. Basics of wind exploitation, wind characteristics. Turbine types and efficiencies. Basics of geothermal energy. Basics of biomass energy. Basics of sea energy. Basics of storage of electrical energy. Basics of hydrogen technology. Legal framework for exploitation of renewables. Basics od hydroenergy.

Study Programmes

University undergraduate
[FER3-EN] Computing - study
Elective Courses (5. semester)
[FER3-EN] Electrical Engineering and Information Technology - study
Elective Courses (5. semester)

Learning Outcomes

  1. analyze the resources (energy potentials) for all covered sources of energy
  2. explain the basic differences and limitations of of treated source of energy in terms of density, predictability, variability and impacts on the environment and economy
  3. create an assessment of of power and produced electricity for all energy sources covered

Forms of Teaching


Lectures are held during 15 weeks, 3 hours per week.

Seminars and workshops

Team work on a practical project.


Numerical exercises are held during 15 weeks, 1 hour per week.

Independent assignments

Homework assignment - design of a hybrid system using available computer programs.

Grading Method

Continuous Assessment Exam
Type Threshold Percent of Grade Threshold Percent of Grade
Homeworks 5 % 10 % 5 % 10 %
Seminar/Project 10 % 20 % 10 % 20 %
Mid Term Exam: Written 0 % 25 % 0 %
Final Exam: Written 0 % 35 %
Final Exam: Oral 10 %
Exam: Written 0 % 60 %
Exam: Oral 10 %

Week by Week Schedule

  1. EU renewable energy legislation, Croatian renewable energy legislation
  2. Wind resources (modelling, estimation, prediction), Modelling of wind turbine aerodynamics
  3. Wind turbine types and electromechanical conversion in wind turbines, Connection and control of wind turbines in a wind power plant
  4. Power converters in wind turbines, Wind farm integration into the electrical energy system, Technical and economical impacts of wind power plants on power systems
  5. Small hydro power plants
  6. Hydrogen and electrolysis
  7. Fuel cells
  8. Midterm exam
  9. Physical basics of solar irradiance on Earth, Model of solar irradiance on a tilted surface on Earth, Solar resources - modelling and prediction, Direct transformation of solar energy - photovoltaic effect, cells, modules and arrays
  10. Photovoltaic system modelling, Power converters in photovoltaic systems, Solar tracking, Maximum power point tracking, Concentrating solar energy systems, Solar thermal power plants
  11. Geothermal power plants
  12. Biomass
  13. Sea thermal energy conversion, Tidal energy, Sea wave energy, Sea resources assessment
  14. Overview and classification of energy storage according to the capacity, efficiency, flexibility and durability, Dynamic characteristics of storage systems, Available power and energy characteristics, Analysis of time response, cycle efficiency and capacity of the storage system, Optimal allocation of energy storage, Potential benefits of introduction of energy storage in power systems, Energy mix and storage capabilities, Energy conversion efficiency, Storage modeling; Optimal siting and sizing, Pumped hydro storage, Large hydro accumulation, Battery energy storage systems, Utilization of partially degraded EV batteries for grid purposes, Compressed air energy storage, Modelling and control of large-scale energy storage systems, Battery energy storage systems, Capacitors and high power energy storage systems, Flywheel and electromechanical energy storage systems, Modelling and control of small-scale energy storage systems
  15. Final exam


Petar Kulišić (1991.), Sunčana energija i energija vjetra, Školska knjiga
John Twidell, Tony Weir (2015.), Renewable Energy Resources, Routledge
D. Šljivac, Z. Šimić: (2009.), Obnovljivi izvori energije, FER
James F. Manwell, Jon G. McGowan, Anthony L. Rogers (2010.), Wind Energy Explained, John Wiley & Sons
V. V. N. Kishore (2010.), Renewable Energy Engineering and Technology, The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)

For students


ID 223388
  Winter semester
L1 English Level
L1 e-Learning
45 Lectures
0 Seminar
15 Exercises
0 Laboratory exercises
0 Project laboratory

Grading System

90 Excellent
75 Very Good
60 Good
50 Sufficient