Power Plants

Course Description

Basic characteristics of the power plants: types, power capabilities, energy production. Power plants (hydro, thermal, nuclear). Main power plant systems and equipment. Water, steam and gas turbine types. Nuclear reactor as heat source. Heat balance diagrams and power generation cycles for different plants. Characteristics and choice of main power plant electric equipment. Startup and shutdown of the plant and power change capabilities. One-line station connection diagram. Choice of synchronous generator parameters. Generator static and dynamic limits, Q-P diagram. Active and reactive power generation. Generator synchronization. Analysis of generator operation and loading. Onsite power systems. Emergency power sources. Grounding system of the plant. Process measurements. Power plants construction cost, O+M cost, and total production cost. Electricity price. Power plant operation in liberalized market.

General Competencies

Understanding of basic principles and characteristics of different power plant types. Knowledge of main components characteristics. Power plant operation in electric power system. Understanding of synchronous generator operation, operating limits calculation and choice of design characteristics for different power plant types. Power plants auxiliary electric systems knowledge.

Learning Outcomes

  1. describe main power plants
  2. explain operation of main equipment in hydro power plant
  3. explain operation of main equipment in thermal power plant
  4. identify specific operational requirements in case of nucelar power plants
  5. analyze s
  6. describe characteristics of wind power plant operation
  7. compute main parameters for different power plant types
  8. analyze connection of different power plants to the grid

Forms of Teaching


Two hours per week.


Continuously: one writing exam, final exam (writing and oral examination) and four short tests. Classical Exam: writing and oral examination at the end of semester. Results of three short tests are included.


One hour weekly.

Laboratory Work

Two exercises, two hours duration of each: 1. Operation of power plant - island operation, power plant synchronization on electric power system, generation of active and reactive power 2. Generator unit operation - types of excitation (DC, brushless, thyristor), generator response, transfer functions of exciter and generator, time contants

Other Forms of Group and Self Study

Three homeworks.

Grading Method

By decision of the Faculty Council, in the academic year 2019/2020. the midterm exams are cancelled and the points assigned to that component are transferred to the final exam, unless the teachers have reassigned the points and the grading components differently. See the news for each course for information on knowledge rating.
Continuous Assessment Exam
Type Threshold Percent of Grade Threshold Percent of Grade
Homeworks 50 % 8 % 50 % 8 %
Quizzes 50 % 12 % 50 % 12 %
Mid Term Exam: Written 50 % 30 % 0 %
Final Exam: Written 50 % 40 %
Final Exam: Oral 10 %
Exam: Written 50 % 60 %
Exam: Oral 20 %

Homeworks and short test results are admit in classical exam.

Week by Week Schedule

  1. Power plants, classification and characteristics.
  2. Tzpes of hydro power plants and main equipment.
  3. Hydro turbines, types, operation, limits, selection. Hydro generator selection.
  4. Steam thermal power plants and main equipment.
  5. Gas thermal power plants and main equipment.
  6. Nuclear power plants tpes and main equipemnt.
  7. Nuclear power plant operation and power changes.
  8. exams
  9. exams
  10. Combined haet and power plants.
  11. Wind power systems and grid connection.
  12. Electrical one line diagram. Main operational characteristics and limits of plant generator.
  13. Generator connected to the grid and synchronization. Island mode of operation.
  14. Onsite power systems and plants auxiliary. Emergency power supply.
  15. Grid code

Study Programmes

University undergraduate
Electrical Power Engineering (module)
Elective Courses (6. semester)


H. Požar (1992.), Osnove energetike I, Školska knjiga
H. Požar (1992.), Osnove energetike II, Školska knjiga
H. Požar (1992.), Osnove energetike III, Školska knjiga
D. Feretić, N. Čavlina, N. Debrecin (1995.), Nuklearne elektrane, Školska knjiga
M.M. El-Wakil (1984.), Powerplant Technology, McGraw Hill
J.S. Gulliver, R.E.A. Arndt (2001.), Hydropower Engineering Handbook, McGraw Hill
A.J. Wood, B.F Wollenberg (1996.), Power Generation, Operation, and Control, John Wiley

Associate Lecturers



ID 127413
  Summer semester
L1 English Level
L1 e-Learning
30 Lectures
15 Exercises
4 Laboratory exercises
0 Project laboratory

Grading System

90 Excellent
75 Very Good
60 Good
50 Acceptable