Exams and grading

A student may pass the course in two ways:

  1. via continuous evaluation, and
  2. via written and oral examinations.

In both ways a student may achieve up to 100 points. The grade is determined based on the achieved number of points.

When taking written examinations all students should observe the Rules for Written Examinations.


Continuous Evaluation

Distribution of points for continuous evaluation across various course activities is shown in the table below:

Activity Points Passing Score
Midterm Exam 30 ≥15
Final Exam 30 ≥15
Laboratory (Hands-On Sessions) 20 ≥10
Project 20 ≥10

To obtain a passing grade at least half of the points (50%) must be achieved for each of the activities shown in the table above.

The midterm is scheduled at the end of the first teaching cycle and covers the first half of the course material. The final exam is scheduled at the end of the semester and covers the entire course material (with a focus on the second half of the course material). In all exams both the final result of a task and the route to that result are graded.


Written and Oral Examinations

If a student did not obtain a passing grade via continuous evaluation then the written and oral examinations which cover entire course material may be taken. A necessary prerequisite to taking written and oral examinations are a passing number of points in the laboratory (hands-on sessions) and in the project activities. This is summarized in the table below:

Prerequisites Condition
Laboratory (Hands-On Sessions) ≥10 points
Project ≥10 points
Exams Points Passing Score
Written Exam 50 ≥30
Oral Exam 50 ≥30

To obtain a passing grade at least 30 points must be achieved in both written and oral examinations.



Tentative grading thresholds are given in the table below:

Points Passing/Satisfactory Grades
100 ≥ x ≥ 89 Excellent (5)
89 > x ≥ 79 Very Good (4)
79 > x ≥ 70 Good (3)
70 > x ≥ 60 Sufficient (2)
Points Falling/Unsatisfactory Grade
60 > x Insufficient (1)


Rules for Written Examinations

In any written examination (midterm, finals, etc.) students will be given printed task sheets containing exam problems and A4 paper folders in which the task sheet together with the written answers must be stored.

Duration of all written examination is 150 minutes (2.5 hours), unless the notice about a particular exam states differently.

Writing utensils and empty paper sheets to work out problems will not be provided so you must bring your own to the exam.

We recommend you bring the following items:

  1. writing utensils (pens, pencils, and erases);
  2. empty paper sheets (we recommend blank A4 papers);
  3. calculator; and
  4. a watch.

Rules for Written Examinations

Please obey the following rules during the exam:

  1. Write legibly.

    Illegible solutions cannot be evaluated nor graded.

  2. Write your name, surname and student ID number on each sheet.

    We recommend to write your name, surname and student ID number in the upper right corner of your empty paper sheets before the exam (sheets marked in this way are stil considered empty for the purpose of the exam).

  3. Highlight the beginning of each problem.

    If possible solve each problem using a separate sheet of paper. If that is not possible the clearly mark the beginning of each problem, e.g. by circling, by underlining or by using a different colour. If a problem solution spans several sheets then clearly indicate the problem number on each of those sheets.

  4. Highligh the final solutions of each problem.

    Clearly mark all final solutions to given problems, e.g. by circiling, by underlining or by using a different colour.

  5. Orderly sort your sheets in the provided folder

    Before submitting the exam sort all the sheets you used in the ascending order of problem numbers and only then place them in the provided folder. If there is sufficient time remaining until the end of the exam then please also mark down page numbers, e.g. by writing down 3/7 at the bottom of the third sheet of seven.

  6. Fill in the form on the front of the provided folder

    Write legibly your name, surname, student ID number, and the date of the exam.

  7. Satisfy your physiological needs before the exam.

    Leaving the room during the exam is in general prohibited unless you submit your solutions before. Therefore before the exam starts please use the toilet, and if you are hungry or thirsty then eat and drink a small amout of food and liquids.

  8. If you have a question then silently raise your hand.

    Questions may be asked by silently rasing your hand. Only if the exam proctor does not notice you then you may say "I have a question." Note that we can only give answers which clarify the text of the exam problems. Qquestions about the correctness of your answers or about solving procedures will not be answered. In rare cases when exam proctors are not teachers engaged on this subjet a designated teacher will visit a room where the exam is held at least two times; please ask you questions then.