Innovative Electromagnetic Systems - from Idea to Practical Realization

Course Description

Design of electromagnetic systems ? differences between theoretically predicted behavior and actual behavior caused by non ideal properties of the components. Similarities and differences between design based on lumped elements and transmission lines and the design based on the full EM approach. Commercial EM packages ? are they really perfect? Example: Finite Difference Time Domain Method (accuracy, dispersion constraints, stability, boundary conditions). The constraints of classical technology and possible new solutions: periodic structures that behave as new materials, properties of which cannot be found in Nature. Example: Super lens and invisibility cloak. Practical problems in design of communication systems ? how to predict unwanted EM interactions? Example: Common mistakes and misunderstandings in design of active and passive devices and their incorporation in the system. Project -design of a small EM system.

General Competencies

The students will be able to design a smal EM system for special applications in RF and microwave regime

Learning Outcomes

  1. identify the differences between lumped and distributed elements in RF and microwave regime.
  2. explain construction of electromagnetic metamaterials
  3. design electromagnetic system based on standard components and special metamaterial components
  4. select appropriate numerical method for analysis of antennas or EM scatterers
  5. apply commercial full-wave simulator in analysis of engineering problems in RF and microwave regime
  6. develop a program for analyzing simple EM problems using finite-difference method or moment method

Forms of Teaching


Each lecture unit is presented theoretically and practically, by experiments and computer simulations.

Laboratory Work

Four laboratory blocks are performed in groups of 4-5 students.


In lectures five demonstration experiments are performed. Each experiment is videotaped and projected onto the screen so that all students can follow the course of the experiment.

Structural Exercises

Design and construction of a part of special EM system.

Programming Exercises

Design, writing and testing of simple electromagnetic program.

Grading Method

Continuous Assessment Exam
Type Threshold Percent of Grade Threshold Percent of Grade
Laboratory Exercises 0 % 10 % 0 % 10 %
Class participation 0 % 3 % 0 % 3 %
Seminar/Project 0 % 10 % 0 % 10 %
Attendance 0 % 3 % 0 % 2 %
Mid Term Exam: Written 0 % 12 % 0 %
Final Exam: Written 0 % 12 %
Final Exam: Oral 50 %
Exam: Written 0 % 25 %
Exam: Oral 50 %

Week by Week Schedule

  1. Construction and Components of Engineering Electromagnetic Systems in Communication and Electronic Technology
  2. Simplified Design using Lumped Elements and Transmission Lines - Example: Design of EM Guiding Structure (Microstrip Line or Waveguide)
  3. Full EM Design - Example: Design of a simple Radiating Structure (Antenna or Scatterer)
  4. Laboratory Exercise - Practical Differences between EM Structures Designed by Simplified or Full EM Approach
  5. Description of electromagnetic problems using partial differential equations; finite differences method (FD), accuracy and stability of the method
  6. Finite difference time domain method (FDTD). numerical stability and dispersion of the FDTD method, soft and hard source models, absorbing boundary conditions.
  7. Integral method for analyzing electromagnetic problems, method of moments
  8. Midterm exam
  9. Examples of implementation of FD and FDTD methods: analysis of microstrip transmission structure and analysis of waveguide structure, analysis of wire antennas
  10. Available Passive and Active EM Materials - Constraints of Classic Technology
  11. How to manufacture EM Material with Properties not Available in Nature - The Concept of Metamaterials
  12. Design and Applications of Metamaterials in Engineering - Examples : Super Lens and EM Cloak
  13. Laboratory Exercise - Determination of Basic Parameters of Metamaterial-based Structures for Guiding of EM Energy in Microwave Regime
  14. Radiated emissions and susceptibility, crosstalk; example of device design
  15. Final exam

Study Programmes

University graduate
Electronics (profile)
Recommended elective courses (3. semester)
Wireless Technologies (profile)
Recommended elective courses (3. semester)


S. Hrabar,editors. R.Ziolkowsky, N. Engheta; (2006.), "Waveguide Experiments to Characterize SNG and DNG Meatamaterials", a chapter in "Metamaterials", John Willey and Sons
C. Balanis (1989.), Advanced Engineering Electromagnetic, John Willey and Sons
W.L. Stutzman, G.A. Thiele (1998.), Antenna Theory and Design, John Willey and Sons
A. Taflove (2005.), Computational Electrodynamics:The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method, Artech House

Associate Lecturers

Laboratory exercises

For students


ID 86468
  Winter semester
L2 English Level
L1 e-Learning
20 Lectures
10 Laboratory exercises

Grading System

90 Excellent
80 Very Good
60 Good
50 Acceptable