Fundamentals of Radiation Protection

Course Description

Interaction of radiation with matter. Radiation sources. Detection and dosimetry of radiation. Biological effects of radiation. Somatic and hereditary effects. Exposure to natural and artificial sources of radiation. Evaluation of external and internal radiation doses. Gamma-ray and neutron shielding. Calculational methods for modeling of radiation shields. Computer codes for radiation shielding calculations.

Learning Outcomes

  1. Differentiate mechanisms of radiation interaction with matter.
  2. Identify sources and detectors of radiation.
  3. Assess biogical effects of radiation.
  4. Differentiate physical quantities and units of radiation dosimetry.
  5. Evaluate external and internal radiation doses.
  6. Analyze shields for neutron and gamma radiation.
  7. Evaluate basic parameters of ionizing radiation shield.

Forms of Teaching


Lectures are given during 15 weeks, 2 hours per week.


Lectures are given during 15 weeks, 1 hour per week.

Independent assignments



Laboratory exercises are given during 5 weeks, 3 hours per week.

Grading Method

Continuous Assessment Exam
Type Threshold Percent of Grade Threshold Percent of Grade
Laboratory Exercises 0 % 10 % 0 % 5 %
Homeworks 0 % 10 % 0 % 5 %
Mid Term Exam: Written 0 % 30 % 0 %
Final Exam: Written 0 % 50 %
Exam: Written 0 % 40 %
Exam: Oral 50 %

Week by Week Schedule

  1. Total cross section. Differential cross section. Reaction rate. Review of particle interactions with matter.
  2. Main principles of neutrons, photons and charged particles interactions with matter.
  3. Natural and man-made sources of radiation sources. Radioactive decay law. Radioactive chains. Bateman equations.
  4. Dose quantities (exposition, absorbed dose, equivalent dose, LET-parameter, KERMA factors, ANSI standards). Computation and measurement of dose.
  5. Radiation protection criteria and exposure limits. Risk and regulation. Internal and external radiation protection.
  6. Somatic and hereditary effects of irradiation. Radiation hormesis. Radiation and biological cell damage. Early and delayed effects of absorbed dose.
  7. Internal and external dosimetry. Irradiation with natural and man-made radiation sources.
  8. Midterm exam.
  9. Point Kernel Methods and Buildup Factors.
  10. Neutron removal cross sections.
  11. Boltzmann equation for neutron transport.
  12. Point kernel methods for neutron and gamma shielding calculations.
  13. Transport and Monte Carlo methods for neutron and gamma shielding calculations.
  14. Computer codes for shielding calculations.
  15. Final exam.

Study Programmes

University graduate
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(.), Nilsson, Bo N. Exercises with Solutions in Radiation Physics,
(.), M. Sperrin, J. Winder. Radiation protection,
(.), J. E. Martin. Physics for Radiation Protection: A Handbook, 2nd edition,
(.), S. Glasstone. Atomska energija,
(.), R. E. Faw, J. K. Shultis. Radiological Assessment: Sources and Doses, American Nuclear Society (1999).,
(.), J. K. Shultis, R. E. Faw. Radiation Shielding, American Nuclear Society (2000).,
(.), J.I. Wood. Computational Methods in Reactor Shielding, Pergamon Press (1982).,
(.), S. Glasstone, A. Sesonske. Nuclear Reactor Engineering, 4th edition, Chapman & Hall (1994).,

For students


ID 222599
  Summer semester
L2 English Level
L1 e-Learning
30 Lectures
15 Exercises
13 Laboratory exercises

Grading System

90 Excellent
75 Very Good
60 Good
50 Acceptable