Fundamentals of Radiation Protection

Course Description

Interaction of radiation with matter. Radiation sources. Detection and dosimetry of radiation. Biological effects of radiation. Somatic and hereditary effects. Exposure to natural and artificial sources of radiation. Evaluation of external and internal radiation doses. Gamma-ray and neutron shielding. Calculational methods for modeling of radiation shields. Computer codes for radiation shielding calculations.

Learning Outcomes

  1. Differentiate mechanisms of radiation interaction with matter.
  2. Identify sources and detectors of radiation.
  3. Assess biogical effects of radiation.
  4. Differentiate physical quantities and units of radiation dosimetry.
  5. Evaluate external and internal radiation doses.
  6. Analyze shields for neutron and gamma radiation.
  7. Evaluate basic parameters of ionizing radiation shield.

Forms of Teaching

Lectures

Exercises

Independent assignments

Laboratory

Week by Week Schedule

  1. Cross section; Differential cross section; Reaction rate, Review of particle interactions with matter
  2. Main principles of neutrons, photons and charged particles interactions with matter
  3. Natural and man-made sources of radiation exposure, Radioactive decay law, radioactive chains, Bateman equations
  4. Dose quantities (exposition, absorbed dose, equivalent dose, LET parameter, KERMA factors, ANSI standards), Computation and measurement of dose
  5. Radiation protection criteria, exposure limits, risk, and regulation, Internal and external radiation protection
  6. Somatic and hereditary effects, Radiation hormesis; radiation and biological cell damage, Early and delayed effects of absorbed dose
  7. Internal and external dosimetry, Irradiation with natural and man-made radiation sources
  8. Midterm exam
  9. Point Kernel Methods and Buildup Factors
  10. Neutron removal cross sections
  11. Boltzmann equation for neutron transport
  12. Random variables; probability distributions; probablitiy densities, Functions of random variables, Exponential distribution; normal distribution, Presentation of statistical data; population and sample; sampling methods; population parameters, Measures of central tendency (mean, median, mode); measures of dispersion (standard deviation, variance, quantile, and IQR)
  13. Transport and Monte Carlo methods for shielding calculations
  14. Computer codes for shielding calculations
  15. Final exam

Study Programmes

University graduate
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Literature

(.), Nilsson, Bo N. Exercises with Solutions in Radiation Physics,
(.), M. Sperrin, J. Winder. Radiation protection,
(.), J. E. Martin. Physics for Radiation Protection: A Handbook, 2nd edition,
(.), S. Glasstone. Atomska energija,
(.), R. E. Faw, J. K. Shultis. Radiological Assessment: Sources and Doses, American Nuclear Society (1999).,
(.), J. K. Shultis, R. E. Faw. Radiation Shielding, American Nuclear Society (2000).,
(.), J.I. Wood. Computational Methods in Reactor Shielding, Pergamon Press (1982).,
(.), S. Glasstone, A. Sesonske. Nuclear Reactor Engineering, 4th edition, Chapman & Hall (1994).,

For students

General

ID 222599
  Summer semester
5 ECTS
L3 English Level
L2 e-Learning
30 Lectures
15 Exercises
13 Laboratory exercises