Fundamentals of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles

Learning Outcomes

  1. explain the operating principles of an electric vehicle
  2. design basic elements of an electric vehicle (motor, batteries)
  3. explain safety requirements of electric vehicles
  4. analyze the consequences of electric vehicle monetary incentives
  5. prepare basic laboratory battery testing
  6. prepare basic laboratory electric motor testing
  7. analyze the impact of electric vehicles on the environment
  8. analyze the impact of electric vehicles on the power system

Forms of Teaching


Lectures will be carried out by a professor.


These will be conducted through solving numerical examples.


There will be two laboratory exercises with smaller groups of students.

Week by Week Schedule

  1. Road Vehicles Physics ; Flying Vehicles Physics ; Ship Physics ; Railroad Vehicles Physics .
  2. Overview of Road Vehicles .
  3. Overview of Flying Vehicles ; Overview of Ship Physics ; Overview of Railroad Vehicles .
  4. Overview of Drive Systems ; Characteristics of Internal Combustion Engines .
  5. Characteristics of Electric Motors; Overview of Hybrid Drive Systems .
  6. Overview of Electric Drive Systems .
  7. Road Vehicles Safety Aspects ; Flying Vehicles Safety Aspects ; Ship Safety Aspects ; Railroad Vehicles Safety Aspects .
  8. Midterm exam.
  9. Overview of hybrid EV share and perspective in European Union and Croatia; Incentives for hybrid and EVs.
  10. Impact on emissions and comparison with ICE vehicles; Battery production issues.
  11. Battery production issues; Battery lifetime and recycling procedures.
  12. Supplying electricity to electric cars; Distribution network requirements.
  13. Range, energy consuption and cycle efficiency.
  14. Battery types and characteristics; Battery economy.
  15. Final exam.

Study Programmes

University undergraduate
Computing (study)
Elective Courses (6. semester)
Electrical Engineering and Information Technology (study)
Elective Courses (6. semester)


Iqbal Husain (2010.), Electric and Hybrid Vehicles: Design Fundamentals, Second Edition, CRC Press
Nikowitz, Michael (2016.), Advanced Hybrid and Electric Vehicles, Springer


ID 183448
  Summer semester
L0 English Level
L1 e-Learning
45 Lectures
15 Exercises
0 Laboratory exercises
0 Project laboratory

Grading System

Very Good