Energy storage

Course Description

Types of energy storage and its application in power and energy systems. Role of storage in distribution and transmission grids. Energy storage as a provider of ancillary services. Operation of energy storage depending on its ownership: private investor vs. system operator. Energy storage investments and regulation framework.

Learning Outcomes

  1. Describe and discuss technologies for storing energy in power systems
  2. Conclude which energy storage technology is appropriate for specific purposes
  3. Analyze the application options of energy storage technologies in transportation
  4. Analyze the role of energy storage in microgrids
  5. Plan the distribution system with energy storage
  6. Identify the advantages and disadvantages of energy storage technologies in transmission networks
  7. Analyze the role of energy storage in market environment
  8. Calculate the economics of investment in energy storage in power systems

Forms of Teaching


PPT slides


Mid-term exam, seminar, and final exam that consists of the written part and the oral examination


Examples are integrated with lectures

Laboratory Work

Two slots


When necessary


Independent work

Grading Method

Continuous Assessment Exam
Type Threshold Percent of Grade Threshold Percent of Grade
Laboratory Exercises 0 % 15 % 0 % 15 %
Seminar/Project 0 % 25 % 0 % 25 %
Mid Term Exam: Written 0 % 20 % 0 %
Final Exam: Written 0 % 20 %
Final Exam: Oral 20 %
Exam: Written 0 % 40 %
Exam: Oral 20 %

Week by Week Schedule

  1. Introduction to Energy Storage
  2. Pumped Hydro Power Plants
  3. Compressed Air Energy Storage
  4. Battery Storage
  5. Flywheels
  6. Ultracapacitors
  7. Hydrogen and Fuel Cells
  8. Electric Vehicles as Energy Storage
  9. Energy Storage in Microgrids
  10. Energy Storage in Distribution Grids
  11. Energy Storage in Transmission Grids
  12. Energy Storage in Market Environment
  13. Energy Storage Providing Ancillary Services
  14. Energy Storage as System Operator Asset
  15. Economic Assessment of Energy Storage Investments

Study Programmes

University graduate
[FER2-HR] Electrical Engineering Systems and Technologies - profile
Specialization Course (2. semester)
[FER2-HR] Electrical Power Engineering - profile
Specialization Course (2. semester)


Robert Huggins (2010.), Energy Storage, Springer
Ahmed Faheem Zobaa (2013.), Energy Storage - Technlogies and Applications, InTech
David Linden, Thomas B. Reddy (1995.), Handbook of Batteries, McGraw-Hill

Associate Lecturers


For students


ID 222175
  Summer semester
L3 English Level
L1 e-Learning
30 Lectures
0 Seminar
15 Exercises
0 Laboratory exercises
0 Project laboratory

Grading System

91 Excellent
81 Very Good
71 Good
61 Sufficient