Embedded Systems

Learning Outcomes

  1. define embedded system, its elements and architecture
  2. classify embedded system components based on signal type, integration level, realization and functionality
  3. describe tools for funckional debugging and testing of embedded systems
  4. analyze embedded computer system
  5. apply peripherals which are built in microcontrollers
  6. develop hardware and software for embedded computer system with a microcontroller
  7. apply programmable logic and field programmable gate arrays (FPGA)
  8. design embedded computer system using FPGA

Forms of Teaching





Grading Method

Continuous Assessment Exam
Type Threshold Percent of Grade Threshold Percent of Grade
Laboratory Exercises 50 % 24 % 50 % 24 %
Mid Term Exam: Written 0 % 33 % 0 %
Final Exam: Written 0 % 33 %
Final Exam: Oral 10 %
Exam: Written 50 % 66 %
Exam: Oral 10 %

The student is allowed to approach the oral exam if minimum 50% is gained on the midterm and written part of the final exam. The student is allowed to approach the oral exam if minimum 50% is gained on the written part of the exam. Oral exam is not mandatory.

Week by Week Schedule

  1. Concept of embedded systems; Structure of basic computer system: CPU, memory, I/O, bus; Microprocessors and microcontrollers; Microcontroller families (4-bit, 8-bit, 16-bit, 32-bit); Processor core; Integrated peripherals; Interrupts, polling, interrupt structures: vectored, prioritied; Direct memory access; Memory architectures, hierarchies, caches.
  2. A/D and D/A interfacing; Mixed signal design.
  3. Mixed signal design.
  4. Power supply, decoupling; Clock and reset generation and distribution; Layout consideration.
  5. Layout consideration; High speed design; Keyboards and displays.
  6. Hardware initialization; Bare machine.
  7. Library tailoring; Programming environments, emulators, simulators.
  8. Midterm exam.
  9. Semihosting; Interrupt handling.
  10. Embedded program deployment (compilation, assembly, and linking); Embedded program representation (data flow and control flow).
  11. Compilation tasks in embedded programs (mapping variables, managing structures, and translating control structures); Assembly language / High level programming tradeoffs for embedded programming.
  12. Families; Architectures; Principles of embedded design based on programmable devices.
  13. Principles of embedded design based on programmable devices; FPGA platform elements: CPU, programmable logic, interconnects, interfaces; HDL programming for FPGAs.
  14. Electromechanical integration; Design tools, emulators, simulators, logic analyzer; Principles of debugging; Debugging in semihosting environment; Boundary scan (JTAG); In circuit emulation (ICE); Benchmarks; Formal verification of embedded systems.
  15. Final exam.

Study Programmes

University undergraduate
Computing (study)
Elective Courses (6. semester)
Electrical Engineering and Information Technology (study)
Elective Courses (6. semester)
University graduate
Audio Technologies and Electroacoustics (profile)
(2. semester)
Communication and Space Technologies (profile)
Elective Courses (2. semester)
Computer Engineering (profile)
Profile obligatory course (2. semester)
Control Systems and Robotics (profile)
Profile obligatory course (2. semester)
Electric Machines, Drives and Automation (profile)
Elective Courses (2. semester)
Electronic and Computer Engineering (profile)
Profile obligatory course (2. semester)
Electronics (profile)
Profile obligatory course (2. semester)
Information and Communication Engineering (profile)
Elective courses (2. semester)


Wayne Wolf (2008.), Computers as Components: Principles of Embedded Computer Systems Design, Morgan Kaufmann
Wayne Wolf (2008.), Computers as Components: Principles of Embedded Computer Systems Design, Morgan Kaufmann
M. Vučić (2007.), Upotreba mikrokontrolera u ugrađenim računalnim sustavima, FER-ZESOI
D. Petrinović, M Vučić (2007.), Osnove projektiranja računalnih sustava, FER-ZESOI
Pong P. Chu (2008.), FPGA Prototyping by VHDL Examples: Xilinx Spartan-3 Version, John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
L. M. Surhone, M. T. Tennoe, S. F. Henssonow (.), Microblaze, Betascript Publishing
M. Vučić, D. Petrinović (2007.), Projektiranje ugrađenih računalnih sustava, Lab. vježbe, FER
M. Vučić (2007.), Ugradbeni računalni sustavi - Lab. vježbe 2. ciklus, FER-ZESOI

For students


ID 183465
  Summer semester
L0 English Level
L1 e-Learning
60 Lectures
0 Exercises
18 Laboratory exercises
0 Project laboratory

Grading System

88 Excellent
75 Very Good
62 Good
50 Acceptable