Electronic Instrumentation

Course Description

Students will learn during the course about electronic components and sub-systems of a signal generation and acquisition system as a prototype of an electronic instrument. They will study the practical operation amplifier circuits for linear and nonlinear analog signal operations such as single ended to differential conversion, rectification, envelope detection, RMS to DC conversion, comparators, limiters, adders, and multiplication. They will analyze advanced amplifier topologies such as chopper amplifiers, auto-zero amplifiers, isolation amplifiers, logarithmic amplifiers and programmable gain amplifiers. Students will study error sources of practical analog switches and multiplexers, which are used to achieve modular, multi-channel and programmable operation of an electronic instrument. Students will study circuits for signal generation based on RC, LC and crystal oscillators, direct digital synthesis and phase locked loop. They will analyze electronic noise sources in an instrument, and circuits and method for interference and noise reduction.

Learning Outcomes

  1. Design a signal generation and digital acquisition system depending on signal source characteristics.
  2. Select operational amplifiers in line with the technical specification of the electronic instrument.
  3. Select the amplifier's topology depending on signal source characteristics.
  4. Evaluate errors of the electronic instrument due to real analog switches and multiplexers.
  5. Analyze the basic oscillator topologies and frequency synthesizers.
  6. Compare the direct digital synthesis and phase locked loop synthesis.
  7. Evaluate electronic noise sources in the electronic instrument.
  8. Select circuits and methods for reduction of interferences and noise.

Forms of Teaching


Interactive lectures


Numerical examples during lectures


Group laboratory work

Grading Method

Continuous Assessment Exam
Type Threshold Percent of Grade Threshold Percent of Grade
Laboratory Exercises 0 % 10 % 0 % 10 %
Mid Term Exam: Written 0 % 25 % 0 %
Final Exam: Written 0 % 25 %
Final Exam: Oral 40 %
Exam: Written 0 % 50 %
Exam: Oral 40 %

Week by Week Schedule

  1. Static and dynamic limitations of operational amplifiers in analog signal processing circuits
  2. Operational amplifier circuits for analog signal processing
  3. Operational amplifier circuits for analog signal processing
  4. Advanced amplifier topologies
  5. Advanced amplifier topologies
  6. Analog signal switching and multiplexing circuits
  7. Design of RC, LC, crystal oscillators
  8. Midterm exam
  9. Phase locked loop (PLL) and frequency synthesis
  10. Direct Digital Synthesis (DDS)
  11. Advanced noise analysis and low-noise design
  12. Phase sensitive detection
  13. Measurement instrument construction
  14. Measurement uncertainty of signal chain
  15. Final exam

Study Programmes

University graduate
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Analog Devices (2011.), Linear Circuit Design Handbook, Newnes
Analog Devices Inc., edited by Walt Kester (2005.), The Data Conversion Handbook, Newnes
R. Pallas-Areny, J. G. Webster (1999.), Analog Signal Processing, John Wiley & Sons
Ante Šantić (1993.), Elektronička instrumentacija, Školska knjiga
S. Franco (2002.), Design with operational amplifiers and analog integrated circuits, McGraw-Hill Higher Education
A. F. P. Van Putten (1996.), Electronic Measurement Systems, Taylor & Francis

Associate Lecturers

For students


ID 222489
  Summer semester
L3 English Level
L1 e-Learning
60 Lectures
15 Laboratory exercises

Grading System

Very Good