Electronics 2

Course Description

Differential amplifiers, differential and common voltage gain, common-mode rejection ratio, transfer characteristics. Class A, B and AB power amplifiers. Amplifier frequency characteristics, low frequency and high frequency analysis. Properties of feedback amplifiers, feedback topologies, analysis of feedback amplifiers. Stability of feedback amplifiers, stability analysis, frequency compensation. Sinusoidal oscillators, positive feedback, typical sinusoidal oscillator circuits. Analog integrated circuits, operational amplifiers, integrated regulators. AD and DA converters, characteristics and basisic architectures.

Learning Outcomes

  1. Describe the properties of differential amplifiers
  2. Combine the basic amplifier stages of multistage amplifiers
  3. Describe the specificity of power amplifiers
  4. Distinguish the impact of capacity at low and at high frequencies
  5. Calculate the amplifier time constants
  6. Analyze complex feedback amplifiers
  7. Identify the stability of the feedback amplifier
  8. Describe the sinusoidal oscillators operation
  9. Describe the properties of AD and DA converters

Forms of Teaching




Problem solving


Lab excercises

Grading Method

Continuous Assessment Exam
Type Threshold Percent of Grade Threshold Percent of Grade
Final Exam: Written 20 % 50 %
Final Exam: Oral 50 %
Exam: Written 20 % 50 %
Exam: Oral 50 %

The requirement "Before final exam students must have completed all laboratory exercises" will not be enforced in the academic year 2019/2020.

Week by Week Schedule

  1. Static and dynamic operational amplifyer limitations for analog signal processing circuits, Operational amplifier circuits for linear analog functions
  2. Operational amplifier circuits for nonlinear analog functions, Analog signal switching and multiplexing circuits
  3. Ideal OpAmp electrical characteristics, Basic amplifier configurations, integrator, differentiator
  4. Differential and instrumentation amplifier, Comparators and multivibrators
  5. Bipolar and FET differential amplifiers, Differential and common-mode gain; Common-mode rejection ratio
  6. Differential amplifiers with current sources, Differential amplifier transfer characteristics, Amplitude response; Lower and upper cutoff frequency
  7. Common-emitter and common-source low-frequency response, Other single-stage and multistage amplifiers low-frequency response, Common-emitter and common-source high-frequency response
  8. Midterm exam
  9. Common-collector, common-base and cascode high-frequency response, Basic feedback structure and topologies; Properties of negative feedback, Negative feedback amplifier analysis
  10. Stability problems; Stability and pole location; Nyquist stability criterion; Gain and phase margins, Stability study using Bode plots
  11. Frequency compensation; Dominant-pole compensation, Transistor structures (fully- and partially- depleted)
  12. RC oscillator circuits, LC and crystal oscillators
  13. Characteristics of analog-to-digital (AD) converters and digital-to-analog (DA) converters, Building blocks of AD and DA (switches, comparators, resistor arrays, capacitor arrays), Frequency compensation; Dominant-pole compensation, Transistor structures (fully- and partially- depleted)
  14. Basic AD architectures, Basic DA architectures
  15. Final exam

Study Programmes

University undergraduate
Electrical Engineering and Information Technology (study)
(4. semester)
Electronic and Computer Engineering (module)
(6. semester)
Electronics (module)
(6. semester)
Wireless Technologies (module)
(6. semester)


Željko Butković (2018.), Elektronika 2, Fakultet elektrotehnike i računarstva, Zagreb - interna skripta
A.S. Sedra, K.C. Smith (2011.), Microelectronic Circuits, 6th ed., Oxford University Press
R.C. Jaeger, T.N. Blalock (2011.), Microelectronic Circuit Design, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill
ed. Hank Zumbahlen (2011.), Linear Circuit Design Handbook, Newnes, Analog Devices Inc.


Laboratory exercises

For students


ID 183416
  Summer semester
L3 English Level
L1 e-Learning
75 Lectures
15 Exercises
12 Laboratory exercises

Grading System

87 Excellent
75 Very Good
62 Good
50 Acceptable