Electroacoustics 1

Course Description

Students will be able to understand basic terms of acoustics and electroacoustics. Define parameters of acoustic fields. Basic constitutive equations. Wave equation. Outdoor sound. Losses and their influence on sound propagation. Plane, sphere and cylindrical waves. Harmonic and other excitation. Infrasound and ultrasound. Hearing system. Binaural hearing. Sound in closed spaces. Architectural acoustics. Acoustic elements-reflectors, diffusors, resonators. Soundscape. Identification and characterization of sound sources.

Learning Outcomes

  1. Define basic parameters of acoustic field
  2. Express relations between acoustic parameters
  3. Estimate the influence of sound on environment
  4. Analyze acoustic parameters
  5. Choose optimal solution for acoustic parameters improvement
  6. Describe the hearing system
  7. Identify frequency content of soud source
  8. Explain effects on sound propagation outdoors
  9. Identify acoustic elements.

Forms of Teaching


Basic theoretical knowledge


Solving numerical problems.

Field work

Environmental noise acoustic measurements


Practial problems during acoustic measurements

Grading Method

Continuous Assessment Exam
Type Threshold Percent of Grade Threshold Percent of Grade
Laboratory Exercises 50 % 20 % 50 % 20 %
Seminar/Project 50 % 10 % 50 % 10 %
Mid Term Exam: Written 0 % 20 % 0 %
Final Exam: Written 0 % 20 %
Final Exam: Oral 30 %
Exam: Written 50 % 40 %
Exam: Oral 30 %

Week by Week Schedule

  1. Sound wave propagation phenomena; Reflection and standing wave; Absorption; Diffraction; Refraction; Diffusion
  2. Pressure; Displacement; Particle velocity; Intensity; Power, Levels of sound pressure, intensity and power; Decibel
  3. Expression of state, movement and continuity, Wave equation, Influence of viscosity and other dissipative effects on sound wave propagation
  4. Fundamentals of harmonic oscillation, Plane wave, Point sound sources, Line and area sound sources
  5. Infrasound perception, Infrasound propagation in different media, Infrasound intensity measurement; Protection from infrasound, Characteristics of ultrasound, Ultrasound transducers technology
  6. Hearing physiology
  7. Basics of binaural hearing
  8. Midterm exam
  9. Functional parts of the hearing system
  10. Development of architectural acoustics
  11. Sound waves in spaces
  12. Reflectors, Absorbers, Diffusors
  13. Soundscape term, In-situ and laboratory analysis
  14. Sound source identification; Microphone arrays, Soundscape parameters
  15. Final exam

Study Programmes

University undergraduate
Computing (study)
Free Elective Courses (5. semester)
Electrical Engineering and Information Technology (study)
Free Elective Courses (5. semester)
Electronics (module)
Specialization courses (5. semester)
University graduate
Audio Technologies and Electroacoustics (profile)
Core-elective courses (1. semester)
Communication and Space Technologies (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)
Computational Modelling in Engineering (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)
Computer Engineering (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)
Computer Science (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)
Control Systems and Robotics (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)
Data Science (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)
Electrical Power Engineering (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)
Electric Machines, Drives and Automation (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)
Electronic and Computer Engineering (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)
Electronics (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)
Information and Communication Engineering (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)
Network Science (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)
Software Engineering and Information Systems (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)


Tihomil Jelaković (1978.), Zvuk, sluh, arhitektonska akustika,
John A. Kleppe (1989.), Engineering Applications of Acoustics, Artech House on Demand
Heinrich Kuttruff (2016.), Room Acoustics, Sixth Edition, CRC Press
Allan D. Pierce (2019.), Acoustics, Springer

Laboratory exercises

For students


ID 183430
  Winter semester
L3 English Level
L2 e-Learning
45 Lectures
15 Exercises
10 Laboratory exercises

Grading System

89 Excellent
76 Very Good
63 Good
50 Acceptable