Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development

Course Description

Energy and development of society. Energy sources and their utilization potentials. Environmental impact of energy sector. Earth atmosphere in history. Ozone layer and important for live on Earth. Global warming and emissions of greenhouse gasses, possibilities for reduction. Climate changes. Electricity production and impact to human health and environment. Technical and economic characteristics of emission abatement technologies. Environmental regulations, standards and international agreements. Method for power plant location selection. Impact of NPP on environment: during normal operation, accidents, fuel cycles. Waste management of LIRV, decommission of NPP. Waste from electricity production. Emission reduction costs. Sustainable development: history, definitions, goals. Sustainable development indicators: what are, purposes. Energy and sustainable development. Energy chains environmental impact. External costs. Instruments for emission reduction. Optimization of emission reduction level.

General Competencies

Comprehensive knowledge of production and utilization of energy and Environmental impact and society development. Electricity production and Environmental impact (air, water and ground). Knowledge about possibilities for emissions reduction by different technologies, regulations, international agreements and economic instruments for environment protection. Importance of sustainable development and sustainable energy options. Criteria and indicators of sustainable development. Role of nuclear power plants in energy policy and possible role in sustainable development. Furthermore, a comprehensive knowledge of available management systems and tools as well as technical mitigation methods relevant to the energy field and applicable within the existing legal framework.

Learning Outcomes

  1. explain and identify about energy and development of society, energy sources and there use, impacts on human and environment of electricity production
  2. explain and identify importance of Sustainable Development of energy sectors, goals of Sustainable Development and purpose of Sustainable Development indicators
  3. explain Earth Atmosphere: content of earth atmosphere, physical and chemical processes and influence of sulphur and nitrous oxides in atmosphere and regulations and international agreements in the field of environmental protection in energy sector
  4. explain ozone layer and importance for live on earth, principles for destroying of ozone and what are ozone holes
  5. explain the Greenhouse effect and emissions of the greenhouse gases, possibilities for CO2 reduction, international agreements for mitigation of the greenhouse gases and climate changes
  6. evaluate and calculate emissions into air from for fossil fuels plants and technologies for emissions reduction in electricity production to air from combustion
  7. explain and evaluate solid and liquid waste from fossil fuel power plants and understand methodology for selection of power plants locations
  8. explain and evaluate nuclear radiation and Environmental impact of nuclear power plants fuel cycle and decommission and disposal of low level radioactive waste and used nuclear fuel

Forms of Teaching

Lectures

Course lectures are organized through 2 study cycles. First cycle consists of 7 weeks of lectures and mid-term exam. Second cycle consists of 6 weeks of lectures and final exam. Lectures are held through total of 15 weeks with weekly load of 2 hours.

Exams

Examination is performed in two parts: in eighth week mid-term exam and in fifteenth week the final exam. Exams are written and consist of multiple choice questions, essay questions and exercises.

Consultations

Consultation acording to the needs of students.

Other Forms of Group and Self Study

Homework tasks.

Grading Method

     
Continuous Assessment Exam
Type Threshold Percent of Grade Threshold Percent of Grade
Homeworks 54 % 14 % 0 % 0 %
Attendance 0 % 6 % 0 % 0 %
Mid Term Exam: Written 50 % 40 % 0 %
Final Exam: Written 50 % 40 %
Exam: Written 50 % 100 %

Week by Week Schedule

  1. Introduction: energy and development of society, general terms, energy sources and there use energy sector environmental impacts in general. Impact of electricity production on human and environment risk. Energy sources, uses, and impacts: an introduction to the technology, politics, economics, and environmental effects of energy in contemporary society.
  2. Sustainable Development: definition, history of Sustainable Development idea. Background and goals of Sustainable Development. Sustainable Development indicators logic and purpose. Project "Environmental Pressure Indices" – EPI. Energy and Sustainable Development.
  3. Atmosphere: content of earth atmosphere, physical and chemical processes, history of atmosphere. Surface temperature of planets. Influence of sulphur and nitrous oxides in atmosphere. Ozone layer and importance for live on earth. Principles for destroying of ozone. Ozone holes.
  4. The Greenhouse effect and emissions of the Greenhouse gases, possibilities for CO2 reduction. Greenhouse gases from energy sector. Global Climate change. Models for calculation of damages from climate change. Discounting of climate change costs. Economy of different technologies for reduction of CO2 emissions.
  5. Energy chains for electricity production and analysis of environmental impact „from cradle to grave“for fossil fuels, nuclear, hydro plants and renewable electricity sources.
  6. Emissions into air from for fossil fuels, plants and technologies for emissions reduction. Impact of electricity production to air from combustion (CO2, SO2, NOx, particulates etc.). Risk of accidents and other environmental impacts.
  7. Regulations and international agreements in the field of environmental protection in energy sector. Selection of power plants locations, Solid and liquid waste from fossil fuel power plants.
  8. Mid Exam
  9. Combustion calculation for fossil fuel power plants: coal, oil, natural gas and chemical reaction in combustion, emission calculation - SO2, NOx, particles, CO2; emission reduction technologies (desulphurization, DeNOx). Dispersion of pollutants in atmosphere. Mathematical models for local, regional and global dispersion.
  10. Environmental Management Systems in Industries. Environmental Impact Assessment of new projects. Energy and environmental characteristics of Croatia.
  11. Environmental impact of nuclear power plants: fuel cycle and decommission.
  12. Environmental impact of nuclear power plants: normal operation and accidents.
  13. Disposal of low level radioactive waste and used nuclear fuel. Possible role of nuclear power plants in sustainable development.
  14. Impact of regulation and economical environmental protection measures on power system development at open electricity market condition. Methods for support of renewable energy sources. Deregulation of power market and sustainable development. Power industry and sustainable development. „Green“ electricity, emissions trading. Technological change for sustainable development. Energy futures: Modeling sustainable energy paths.
  15. Exam

Study Programmes

University graduate
Computer Engineering (profile)
Recommended elective courses (3. semester)
Electrical Engineering Systems and Technologies (profile)
Recommended elective courses (3. semester)
Electrical Power Engineering (profile)
Recommended elective courses (3. semester)
Software Engineering and Information Systems (profile)
Recommended elective courses (3. semester)
Telecommunication and Informatics (profile)
Recommended elective courses (3. semester)
Wireless Technologies (profile)
Recommended elective courses (3. semester)

Literature

D. Feretić, Ž. Tomšić, D. Škanata, N. Čavlina, D. Subašić (2000.), Elektrane i okoliš, Element, Zagreb
J.W. Tester, E.M. Drake, M.W. Golay, M.J. Driscoll, and W.A. Peters (2005.), Sustainable Energy: Choosing Among Options, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
J. A. Fay, D. Golomb (2011.), Energy and the Environment, Oxford University Press
Abbas Ghassemi (2001.), Handbook of Pollution Control & Waste Minimization, CRC Press
Albert Thumann; D. Paul Mehta (2008.), Handbook of Energy Engineering, Sixth Edition, Fairmont Press

Associate Lecturers