Energy Efficiency and Demand Side Management

Course Description

Energy situation in the world and in Croatia. Energy resources, energy transformations and direct consumption of energy (efficient usage of energy in industry and buildings). Demand side management and its value. Basic types of energy consumption and energy management strategy in industry and buildings. Possibilities for improvements and for financing of energy efficiency programs. Energy management in industry and buildings. Technical and human components of energy management programs. Principles for implementation of energy management and environment protection programs, motivation, leadership and team work models. Regulation of energy sector and organisation of energy market. Economical and social regulation. Regulatory bodies. Regulation of monopoly or public service. Regulation of energy subjects entrance in the sector and control of energy market operation. Control of quality standards implementation. Energy trading on the liberalised energy. Reasons and way to demand side management.

Learning Outcomes

  1. explain and recognize about production of energy sources and consumption of energy in the world and in Croatia
  2. explain principles of energy and environmental management
  3. apply and analyze methodology of energy management in industry
  4. conclude and explain policy of energy efficiency in EU and recommendations for energy efficiency policy and what is legal environment of energy efficiency in Croatia
  5. explain barriers for implementation of energy efficiency measures
  6. analyze relationship between energy use and production volume
  7. analyze and evaluate consumption and recommend energy efficiency measures for electricity systems (tariffs, consumption of reactive power, lighting, motors)
  8. evaluate consumption and recommend energy efficiency measures for energy systems in industry: pumps, fans, compressed air, fuels, combustion and boilers, steams system
  9. explain the purpose and method of managing consumption
  10. analyze EU energy efficiency policy

Forms of Teaching


Course teaching is organized through two teaching cycles. The first cycle consists of 7 weeks of direct instruction and an intermediate exam. The second cycle of classes includes 6 weeks of direct classes and a final exam. classes are conducted over a total of 15 weeks with a weekly workload of 2 hours.

Seminars and workshops

Seminar paper on measurement results in laboratory exercises.


Through auditory exercises (7 in the first cycle and 6 in the second cycle), energy efficiency calculations of energy system components in industry and buildings are performed.

Independent assignments

Calculation of energy efficiency of a selected component of the energy system in industry.


Laboratory exercises are held in a total of 6 terms of 2 hours. In the first cycle of classes, 3 laboratory exercises are held, and in the second cycle, 3 laboratory exercises. Laboratory exercises last 2 hours. The first laboratory exercise consists of introductions to measurement and instruments. All other laboratory exercises consist of one hour of theoretical preparation and calculation of tasks and one hour of practical measurement.

Grading Method

Continuous Assessment Exam
Type Threshold Percent of Grade Threshold Percent of Grade
Laboratory Exercises 66 % 15 % 66 % 15 %
Homeworks 60 % 8 % 0 % 0 %
Class participation 50 % 13 % 0 % 0 %
Mid Term Exam: Written 50 % 34 % 0 %
Final Exam: Written 50 % 30 %
Exam: Written 50 % 60 %
Exam: Oral 25 %

Week by Week Schedule

  1. Interdependency of energy consumption, economic development and environmental impact, Role of energy efficiency in sustainable development
  2. The basic types of energy consumption, Energy performance indicator (PEU)
  3. Indicators of environmental impact assessment (EIA)
  4. The principles of energy and environment management
  5. Technical and human components of energy management, Organization of energy efficiency programs
  6. Potential sources of funding for energy efficiency programs
  7. The relationship between energy consumption and production quantities
  8. Midterm exam
  9. Energy efficiency of industrial energy systems: electricity
  10. Energy efficiency of industrial energy systems: pumps and fans
  11. Energy efficiency of industrial energy systems: fuel combustion boilers, production and distribution of steam
  12. Energy efficiency of industrial energy systems: compressed air
  13. Energy consumption in households, Household apliancises and energy classes
  14. Indicators of energy consumption, determining the consumption and Sankyjev diagram of energy flows (energy analysis), Thermal insulation for buildings and houses
  15. Final exam

Study Programmes

University graduate
Audio Technologies and Electroacoustics (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)
Communication and Space Technologies (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)
Computational Modelling in Engineering (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)
Computer Engineering (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)
Computer Science (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)
Control Systems and Robotics (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)
Data Science (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)
Electrical Power Engineering (profile)
Elective Courses of the Profile (1. semester) Specialization Course (2. semester)
Electric Machines, Drives and Automation (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)
Electronic and Computer Engineering (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)
Electronics (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)
Information and Communication Engineering (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)
Network Science (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)
Software Engineering and Information Systems (profile)
Free Elective Courses (1. semester)


Zoran Morvaj; Dusan Gvozdenac; Zeljko Tomsic (2016.), Sustavno gospodarenje energijom i upravljanje utjecajima na okoliš u industriji, ENERGETIKA MARKETING d.o.o.
Steve Doty, Wayne C. Turner (2009.), Energy Management Handbook, Seventh Edition, Fairmont Press
D. Feretić, Ž. Tomšić, D. Škanata, N. Čavlina, D. Subašić (2000.), Elektrane i okoliš, Element
Wayne C. Turner, Steve Doty (2013.), Energy Management Handbook: 8th Edition, Lulu Press, Inc
Albert Thumann, William J. Younger, Terry Niehus (2010.), Handbook of Energy Audits, The Fairmont Press, Inc.


Laboratory exercises

For students


ID 222500
  Winter semester
L3 English Level
L1 e-Learning
30 Lectures
15 Exercises
12 Laboratory exercises

Grading System

90 Excellent
75 Very Good
60 Good
50 Acceptable