Economy and Ecology of Wireless Systems

Course Description

Economical aspects of mobile communications. Market strenghts and weaknesses of wireless communication systems. Wireless communications as an analysis factor of market forces in electronic communications. Potentials of wireless communications as an alternative medium in fixed telephony and data communications. Portfolio of wireless services - traditional and inovative. Problem of wireless frequency bandwidth limitation. Principles and procedures of frequency allocation as well as of RF spectrum management. The effects of low frequency electric and magnetic fields on human. The effects of high frequency electromagnetic effects on human. Exposimetry and dosimetry of electromagnetic fields. The effects of electromagnetic fields on living beings, namely animals and plants.

General Competencies

Familiarizing with economy of the mobile communications. Understanding the market of electronic communications. Wireless services in market. The allocation and management of frequency spectrum. The influence of low and high frequency electromagnetic fields on humans, animals and plants.

Learning Outcomes

  1. explain economic processes fundamental to radio communication industires
  2. describe main tools for monitoring radio communication business
  3. explain electromagnetic frequency management issues
  4. describe existing legislative process and documents
  5. estimate effects of EM fields on humans
  6. describe dosimetry methods

Forms of Teaching


Lectrures are given with the use of powerpoint presentations published on the web pages. The lectures are organized through 3 cycles. The first cycle consists of 4 weeks of lectures and 1st midter. econd cycle has 4 weeks of lectures and 2nd midterm, while 3rd cycle has 4 weeks of lectures and final exam. The lectures are given in total of 15 weeks, two hours per week.


Two midterm exams.


Consultation term is determined on the first lecture in agreement with the students.

Grading Method

Continuous Assessment Exam
Type Threshold Percent of Grade Threshold Percent of Grade
Homeworks 0 % 15 % 0 % 0 %
Attendance 0 % 10 % 0 % 0 %
Mid Term Exam: Written 0 % 25 % 0 %
2. Mid Term Exam: Written 0 % 25 % 0 %
Final Exam: Written 0 % 25 %
Exam: Written 0 % 100 %

Week by Week Schedule

  1. Economic Phenomenon of Mobile Communications.
  2. Big Corporations, monopolies and market forces
  3. Position of Radio Communications in Analysis of Markt Forces on Electronic Communications Maket
  4. Market Niches of Radio Communications. Wireless services portfolio, Value Added Services
  5. Midterm
  6. Electromagnetic spectrum management.
  7. Legislative acts in telecommunications and electromagnetic fields protection.
  8. Interaction of electromagnetic field and human body.
  9. Exposimetry of electromagnetic fields - Introduction. Exposimetry of electromagnetic fields - Measurement methods.
  10. Midterm
  11. Dosimetry of electromagnetic fields.
  12. Biological material. Effects of EM fields on humans.
  13. Influence of electromagnetic fields on animals and plants.
  14. Human protection from electromagnetic fields.
  15. Final exam

Study Programmes

University graduate
[FER2-HR] Wireless Technologies - profile
Recommended elective courses (3. semester)


Malarić Krešimir, Dina Šimunić, Radovan Zentner (2016.), Ekonomija i ekologija radiokomunikacijskih sustava, Merkur A.B.D, Zagreb
Martin Cave, Chris Doyle, William Webb (2007.), Essentials of Modern Spectrum Management, Cambridge University Press
Harald Gruber (2005.), The Economics of Mobile Telecommunications, Cambridge University Press
Damijan Miklavčič, BJon Klauenberg (2001.), Radio Frequency Radiation Dosimetry, Springer
S. Majumdar, M. Cave, I. Vogelsang (urednici) (2002.), Handbook of Telecommunications Economics, Vol.1 & Vol.2, North Holland
James C. Lin, Sol M. Michaelson (2013.), Biological Effects and Health Implications of Radiofrequency Radiation, Springer Science & Business Media

For students


ID 72547
  Winter semester
L3 English Level
L1 e-Learning
30 Lectures
0 Seminar
0 Exercises
0 Laboratory exercises
0 Project laboratory

Grading System

88 Excellent
75 Very Good
65 Good
50 Acceptable