Biomechanics

Data is displayed for academic year: 2023./2024.

Lecturers

Course Description

The course includes biomechanics of supporting tissue, biomechanics of the locomotor system, dental biomechanics, determination of stress in simplified models of hard and soft tissue, and human movement measurement, modeling and analysis.

Study Programmes

University graduate
[FER3-HR] Biomedical Engineering - study
(1. semester)

Learning Outcomes

  1. analyze and solve a simpler biological problem using the principles of mechanics
  2. create wired and inertial human model
  3. calculate the parameters required for the analysis of human movement and static body positions
  4. analytically calculate stresses in simplified biological structures
  5. create 3D model of biological tissue suitable for analysis by numerical methods
  6. devise measurements of human movement and experiments of biological tissues behavior under load

Forms of Teaching

Lectures

Exercises

Independent assignments

Laboratory

Week by Week Schedule

  1. Lectures: Introduction, historical development, division, models in biomechanics, contribution to biomedical engineering and health, Laboratory: Possibility of application of biomechanics in engineering and technology
  2. Lectures: Principles of statics, kinematics and dynamics in biomechanics, stress and strain; biomechanics of supporting tissue - connective, cartilage and bone tissue, Laboratory: Models in biomechanics
  3. Lectures: Bone tissue - mechanical properties, fatigue, functional adaptation, bone remodeling models, biomechanics of fracture and bone regeneration, Laboratory: Experimental mechanics of biological tissue, determination of mechanical properties, methods
  4. Lectures: Mechanical properties of cartilage; joint biomechanics - degrees of freedom of movement, mobility, strength, lubrication of articular cartilage; biomechanics of the spine, Laboratory: Experimental mechanics of biological tissue, determination of mechanical properties, equipment, optical measuring systems for non-contact testing
  5. Lectures: Mechanical properties of connective structures, soft tissue biomechanics - structure, behavior and mechanical properties, collagen, elastin; skin biomechanics; muscle biomechanics - muscle irritability, contraction equation, muscle force estimation models, Laboratory: Experimental mechanics of biological tissue, determination of mechanical properties, samples
  6. Lectures: Static, kinematic and dynamic anthropometry; determining the mass of body segments, Laboratory: Determining the mass of body segments
  7. Lectures: Biomechanical models for analysis and simulation of motion, kinematic scheme of skeleton, wire and inertial model, Laboratory: Making a wire and inertial model
  8. Lectures: Measurement of human movement - history, systems for recording movements and forces, Laboratory: Getting acquainted with equipment - force measuring platform and motion monitoring system
  9. Lectures: Modeling, analysis and simulation of human motion – multy body dynamics, determination of orientation, direct and inverse dynamic method, Laboratory: Static body positions - measurement on a platform to determine force and contact pressure
  10. Lectures: Dental biomechanics - loading of dental tissue and implanted biomaterials, orthodontic displacement biomechanics, Laboratory: Movement measurement - kinematic analysis of recorded motion, application of inverse dynamic method for recorded motion, determination of load in joints
  11. Lectures: Application of CT and MRI to create 3D tissue models, Laboratory: Introduction to the program for creating 3D tissue models based on CT or MRI images; creating 3D tissue models (individual tasks)
  12. Lectures: Respiratory biomechanics - simplified model, flow in the bronchial tree, Laboratory: Model and calculation of flow in the bronchial tree
  13. Lectures: Middle ear biomechanics - simplified model, determination of forces and pressures, Laboratory: Model and calculation of flow in the bronchial tree
  14. Lectures: Membrane stress in biomechanics - eye envelope biomechanics, membrane stress of red blood cells, Laboratory: Model and calculation of membrane stresses (example: eyelid, erythrocytes)
  15. Lectures: Colloquium, Laboratory: Analysis and discussion about created 3D tissue models

Literature

(.), D.A.Winter, Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement, Wiley & Sons, 2009,
Vasilije Nikolić i suradnici (2011.), Principi biomehanike, Naknada Ljevak
(.), Christopher L Vaughan, Brian L Davis, Jeremy C O’Connor, Dynamics of Human Gait, Human Kinetics, 1992,

For students

General

ID 261424
  Winter semester
5 ECTS
L3 English Level
L1 e-Learning
30 Lectures
0 Seminar
8 Exercises
7 Laboratory exercises
0 Project laboratory
0 Physical education excercises