Energy Technology

Course Description

Importance of energy, energy supply, energy constraints. Energy forms and sources, classification of energy forms. Renewable and non-renewable energy sources. Transformations of primary energy forms into more usable forms and transformation of electrical energy into other forms of energy. Energy transportation and delivery. Electrical energy: generation, transmission, distribution and usage. Electrical energy consumption. Energy systems. Energy balance. Environmental impact during generation, transformation and consumption of energy (environmental pollution and climate change). Sustainable development and energy. Energy storage. Energy alternatives. Energy efficiency.

General Competencies

Acquiring of knowledge related to various energy technologies and energy relations in modern world. Achieving level of knowledge for use in any other electrotechnical study and for further education in the field of electrical engineering.

Learning Outcomes

  1. develop an intuitive understanding of energy processes in power systems with emphasis on physical explanations using (by means of) methods of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and electrical engineering
  2. analyze and calculate the basic parameters of energy processes in thermal power plants, nuclear power plants, hydro power plants and wind power plants
  3. calculate entropy changes for reversible and irreversible energy processes: calculate the loss of exergy (maximum mechanical work)
  4. calculate exergy, ideal, reversible and real work of energy processes
  5. describe direct energy conversions to electrical energy (thermoelectric, thermionic and photoelectric transformation, fuel cells and magnetohydrodynamics generators) and electrical energy conversions to other (useful) energy forms
  6. develop energy balance and predict the growth of electricity consumption
  7. describe environmental impact of energy utilization, conversion and consumption (environmental pollution and climatic change)
  8. combine independent learning, analytical and problem solving skills that can be applied in the diverse career paths

Forms of Teaching


Teaching the course is organized in two teaching cycles. The first cycle contains seven weeks, mid-term exam, and the second cycle contains six weeks of classes and a final exam. Classes are conducted through a total of 15 weeks with weekly load of 4 hours.


homework assignments


Exercises are held in place so far in the present schedule of laboratory exercises in the same number of hours.

Grading Method

Continuous Assessment Exam
Type Threshold Percent of Grade Comment: Percent of Grade
Class participation 0 % 6 % 0 % 6 %
Mid Term Exam: Written 0 % 38 % 0 %
Final Exam: Written 0 % 56 %
Exam: Written 0 % 94 %

Week by Week Schedule

  1. Introduction: importance of energy, energy supply. Energy issues and constraints in modern world. Force, mechanical work, energy and power.
  2. Energy classification and supply: primary (conventional and non-conventional), useful, stored and transitional energy; energy, exergy and anergy. Energy sources. Non-renewable energy sources (fossil fuels, nuclear and geothermal energy). Renewable energy (hydropower, biomass, wind, solar radiation and others).
  3. Basic energy conversions. Chemical and nuclear energy conversion to internal (thermal) energy.
  4. Internal (thermal) energy conversion to mechanical energy, gravitational potential water energy conversion to mechanical energy, mechanical energy conversion to electrical energy.
  5. Direct energy conversions to electrical energy (thermoelectric, thermionic, photoelectric transformation, fuel cells, magneto-hydrodynamics generators). Electrical energy conversions to other energy forms.
  6. Power generation facilities. Power plants for electrical energy production.
  7. Electrical energy: production, transmission, distribution, and electrical energy usage.
  8. Exams
  9. Exams
  10. Energy for transportation. Other than electrical energy transportation and delivery.
  11. Energy consumption: trends and predictions.
  12. Efficiency of energy conversions.
  13. Energy balance.
  14. Environmental impact of energy utilization, conversion and consumption (environmental pollution and climatic change).
  15. Sustainable development and energy. Future energy alternatives. Energy efficiency and savings.

Study Programmes

University undergraduate
Electrical Engineering and Information Technology (study)
(4. semester)



POŽAR, H. (1992.), Osnove energetike, 1, 2. i 3. dio, Školska knjiga, Zagreb
AUBRECHT, G.J. (2006.), Energy, PEARSON Prentice-Hall
MIKULIČIĆ, V.; ŠIMIĆ, Z. (2011.), Energijske tehnologije (Tekst,,

Grading System

ID 86466
  Summer semester
L1 English Level
L1 e-Learning
60 Lecturers
15 Exercises
0 Laboratory exercises


90 Excellent
75 Very Good
60 Good
50 Acceptable